Monticello is the masterpiece of Thomas Jefferson, who designed and redesigned and rebuilt it for more than 40 years.  He described his house as his "essay in architecture."  Today it is recognized as an international treasure and is an outstanding example of Roman Neoclassicism architecture.  Jefferson originally based his design on Rome's Pantheon.  There are a total of 43 rooms in the entire structure.  Construction began in 1769 with major remodeling commencing in 1796 and not ending until 1809.  Jefferson's passion for science and inventiveness can be seen in his unique enhancements such as a weather vane for which he designed a special mechanical dial visible on the ceiling of the front porch.

Visit Jefferson's private suite of rooms, experience the sensations of his gardens, orchards, and vineyards where the slaves worked on the plantation.  Be sure to notice his elaborate clock which not only tells the time but the days of the week.  See the family cemetery and Jefferson’s simple tombstone.


West Front

East Front

Weather Vane

Wind Compass

South Wing

Jefferson's Bedroom

Dome Room


Entrance Foyer


Dining Room

Fish Pond


Jefferson Obelisk

Randolph Grave

Jefferson Grave

Levy Grave

Garden Pavilion

Vegetable Garden

Southeast Dependencies

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